### ELECTRONS AND POSITRONS

#### (Condensed Electron/Positron Theory)

##### Copyright (C) 1999, 2004 by Lew Paxton Price and Herbert Martin Gibson

The limitless ocean of negative light.
does not proceed from a centre, for it is centreless,
but it concentrates a centre.

Samuel L. Mathers
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The electron is not a particle. It is a vortex. Therefore, it has no shape such as we can produce on a two-dimensional piece of paper. The "shape" of the electron must be visualized within the mind. This is possible when, step-by-step one can see how the electron is constructed.

First of all, the electron is a hole into the fourth dimension. This hole can be visualized as a tiny round two-dimensional thing that is merely a gate into what one might think of as emptiness. Its backside as we would see it (if we could see it) is merely the dynamic ether of our three-dimensional space acting in its usual manner. Its front is a strong, sucking mouth that is pulling in our nether (dynamic ether) at the speed of light.

As we move away from the hole itself toward the front, there is a volume of nether that is moving into the hole at less than lightspeed. The hole moves forward at this sub-lightspeed which varies in magnitude. The hole moves forward because the incoming nether has the quality of inertia and does not want to move toward the hole, and the only alternative is for the hole to move toward it. This is merely what happens at the front of the hole.

When the hole was created, the nether, which is always under pressure, began to flow into it. Since the nether was forced to make a 90 degree turn to move into the hole, it formed a vortex to conserve momentum. The portion of the vortex at the front of hole began to pull the hole toward it. The nether at the sides of the hole began to move inward at 45 degrees from the radial directions from the center of the hole. By far, the major portion of the inward flowing nether was then moving directly inward at lightspeed "c", and moving along at 45 degrees to the radial directions at speed "c" multiplied by the square root of two.

The true reactive speed of the nether is 21/2c. However, light is moving outward radially, as a transverse wave of acceleration from its source. The nether at any point is moving at 45 degrees from a radial through that point. So light moves directly outward at speed "c" in a direction that is 45 degrees from the resultant nether movement. However, before light can move outward at speed "c", it must leave the immediate vicinity of the hole. While it is near the hole, it moves outward much more slowly because the nether is moving inward at a substantial velocity - and light is made of waves within the nether.

There are six directions in three-dimensional space. One might say that there are the four cardinal directions ("east", "south", "west", & "north") and "up" & "down". Of course, in our space, these directions can be oriented in any way. The main thing is that they are either opposed to one another such as is north and south, or up and down, or they are at 90 degrees to one another such as east and south, or west and up. So there are an infinity of ways of orienting our coordinate axes of directions, and therefore an infinity of ways of orienting our electron hole and its direction of movement. Yet, because the fourth dimension is at right angles to all directions within our three-dimensional space, the nether inflow must always turn 90 degrees from any one of our spatial directions to actually enter the hole.

The hole can face and therefore move in any direction. The dominant flow inward at any point is at 45 degrees from a radial passing through that point. The dominant flow near the hole has a velocity of 21/2c. Kinetic energy is expressed by the equation

Ek=(1/2)mv2

in which "m" is mass and "v" is velocity. The inward flow, therefore, has a total kinetic energy of

(1/2)m(21/2c)2

in which "m" is the total amount of "Mass" (nether substance) moving inward in a given length of time such as one second. If the hole were suddenly closed the kinetic energy would be released as electromagnetic radiation or other forms of matter (when many holes are closed simulaneously).

Ek = (1/2) m (2 1/2 c) 2 can be simplified as follows.
Ek = (1/2) m (21/2) 2 c 2
Ek = (1/2) m (2) (c 2)
Ek = m c 2

So what we have is the well known mass/energy equation,

E = mc2.

The electron has the distinctive qualities of a vortex (see The Vortex). Every vortex has a "mouth" which sucks in the medium of which it is composed. Vortices such as the whirlwind or the tornado pull in various forms of matter along with the air of which they are composed. Vortices such as the whirlpool pull in various forms of matter along with the water of which they are composed. The mouths of these vortices are pointed in a manner which forces them to either suck from below (the tornado), or from above (the whirlpool). But a vortex of dynamic ether has a mouth which can point in any direction.

When the electron mouth is pointed in any particular direction, it tries to move in that direction. This is evident when the electron is oriented by a magnetic field (see complete explanation in Book Three of Behind Light's Illusion). On the other hand, when the electron is forced to move in any particular direction, it orients itself so that its mouth is pointed in its direction of movement and a "flux field" develops. This is evident when electrons are pumped through a wire by an electrical potential and is the key to our electrical devices. The electron's mouth is always pointed in its direction of motion because less energy is used to accelerate the incoming nether when such an orientation is present, and the nether is "energy conscious."

If we concede that the electron is a vortex, then what of the other subatomic entities that constitute what we call matter? Are they also vortices? In Book Six of Behind Light's Illusion, you will see that they are indeed. The quarks are only a part of a particular type of subatomic entity and these entities form a proton according to the rules found in quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The colors in QCD are actually directions at approximately 90 degrees to one another along which the "tunnel vortices" (quark/gluon combinations) extend.

The entities known as neutrinos are not vortices and not constituents of matter. Each is a type of single half-wave of electromagnetic radiation. This is too complex a theory to easily explain here. Suffice to say, a half-wave moves at the speed of light and has no mass, micro-gravity (sub-atomic gravity), or charge. It is not detectable as a photon although it is like the basic unit that comprises photons. It has the ability to accept, transport, and produce spin - and one type of neutrino can blend with another in such a way as to "shape-shift".

There is a unique difference between entities of matter and neutrinos. Entities of matter can communicate with one another through what we call electrical charge, electromagnetic waves, and gravity (actually what I call micro-gravity at the level of the individual entity). These three means of communication are caused by vectors of vortex inward flow. In the case of electromagnetic waves, movement of a vortex is also involved. Because a neutrino has no vortex and no inward flow, it cannot communicate except through a direct collision. Consequently, detection of neutrinos is exceedingly difficult.

There are three vectors of inward flow for the vortex. If we choose any particular point to examine these vectors, we can draw a line from the vortex center through this point. This line is the "radial" through our point. The vector of nether motion along this line toward the vortex center is what causes micro-gravity. It is a very weak force at the level of a single subatomic entity. The vector of nether motion that is at right angles to the radial is the cause of what we call "spin". And lastly, the vector which is the resultant of the foregoing two is at 45 degrees from the radial and causes what we call electrical charge.

Vorticles (Nether Vortices)

A nether vortex or a vortex formed of more than one nether vortex has three velocity vectors. There is the tangential velocity vector, the inward velocity vector, and the resultant velocity vector. The electron and positron are the simple vortices in which this can be shown most effectively. The electron, for instance, is a hole into the fourth dimension which is a dimension that is 90 degrees from every one of our three spatial dimensions.

The nether inflow must turn 90 degrees to enter the hole. This inflow must also keep the hole open with what we call centrifugal force, "Fc".

Fc = Mtvt2/r     in which Mt is nether Mass subject to tangential velocity at radius "r", and vt is the tangential nether velocity vector at that radius.

Fc is opposed by an equal inward pushing force that can be called "Fi".

Fi = Mia in which "Mi" is the nether Mass subject to inward acceleration, and "a" which is actually gravity, "g", at radius "r".

Fi = Mig

Because the two forces are equal and opposite,

Fc = Fi

Mcvt2/r = Mig

Mc and Mi are actually the same mass, so the equation can become:

vt2/r = g

The nether inflow in the gravity equation for nether inward velocity is the same as the total nether inflow for all the vorticles in the celestial body being used. This inflow for each vorticle is the resultant inflow for the vorticle with the result inflow velocity. So the following equation may apply to a single vorticle such as the electron.

vr2 = 2rg   in which "vr" is the nether inflow resultant velocity for the vorticle.

Solving for "g" we have

g = vr2/2r

Substituting for "g" by using the equation vt2/r = g, we have

vt2/r = vr2/2r

The radii on in the equation are the same, so "r" can be removed.

vt2 = vr2/2

Then

2vt2 = vr2

Taking the square root of both sides,

(21/2)vt = vr

or

vr = (21/2)vt

From the Pythagorean theorem, we know that a right triangle with two equal sides has a hypotenuse that is 21/2 multiplied by the length of either of the two equal sides. From this we can deduce that the straight inward velocity vector of the nether inflow will be equal to the tangential velocity vector. This will be true for any radius measured from the center of the vorticle. The resultant will always be at 45 degrees from either the tangent or the radial at any given radius. This, then, describes the shape of the vortex.

This is also the reason the mass-energy equivalence is actually the kinetic energy of the nether inflow into the vorticle. If the hole is suddenly closed, the resultant inflow is stopped so:

Ek = (1/2)mvr2

From the way light is produced by the electron, we know that at the bole, "vt" is "c", the speed of light. So "vr" is "(21/2)c".

So

Ek = (1/2)m(21/2c)2

Ek = (1/2)m(2)c2

Ek = mc2

Which is the equation for mass-energy equivalence.

Electron/Positron Creation

When two gamma rays of like polarization and opposite directions meet they may create an electron and a positron. A positron is known as an anti-matter electron with a positive charge.

Gamma rays have a lot of energy. When they meet head-on, they create a vibrating pressure point in the nether and in space itself. This pressure point eventually ruptures our space of three dimensions to form two holes into the fourth dimension. The fourth dimension, like any other true dimension, has two directions. One of these directions goes backward in time. The other goes forward in time. There is an equal and opposite reaction from the energy of the rupture so that a quantity of spinning nether goes backward in time through the electron hole, and an equal quantity goes forward in time through the positron hole. These quantities enter their holes as vortices with centrifugal force. The centrifugal force pushes against the nether pressure to keep the sides of the holes open to more nether flow, and the nether flow into the hole keeps the rupture in space open to the fourth dimension.

Centrifugal force is mv2/r where "m" is mass, "v" is velocity, and "r" is the radius along which the mass is turning. In the case of a nether vortex, it is nether pressure that acts as the centripetal force that causes the vortex radius to remain as it is. The same nether pressure is what pushes nether into the hole, creating centrifugal force to oppose the centripetal force and keep the vortex working.

So pressure tends to (1) push the vortex inward and the radius tends to become smaller, and (2) push more nether into the hole which increases the centrifugal force and tends to make the radius of the hole become larger. Thus, the centrifugal force and the centripetal force maintain a balance to make the hole stay the same size.

Any decrease in centrifugal force makes the hole grow smaller which causes the radius to grow smaller. The smaller radius increases the centrifugal force until a balance is reached.

Any increase in centrifugal force makes the hole grow larger which causes the radius to grow larger. The larger radius reduces the centrifugal force until a balance is reached.

If the density of incoming Mass should be reduced and attempt to allow the hole to increase in size, the same lower Mass density would reduce the centrifugal force keeping the hole open, and the hole would remain the same size.

If the density of incoming Mass should be increased and attempt to compress the hole, the same Mass would create an increase in centrifugal force, so the hole would remain the same size.

The electron and the positron are self-regulating and maintain a particular hole size, "spin" magnitude, and magnitude of forces (charge, sub-atomic gravity, etc.), according to the nether pressure versus the vacuum at their centers. The reason for the vacuum is something that is conjectural and, although I believe I know what it is, it is too much for most people to grasp at this point.

Now that we have had a very brief glimpse of the nature of matter and the type of time that can be called "duration", it is apparent that matter cannot exist without time and time cannot exist without matter. It is also apparent that we do not live in a space-time continuum such as Einstein postulated. There is an inertial reference frame of three dimensions moving along a time line that is a fourth dimension. Within this framework, the nether and its holes progress.   Back to Confirmations